Research & Links

Australasian College of Behavioural Optometry
The Optometric Extension Program Foundation
College of Optometrists in Vision Development
Optometry Australia


A Summary of Research and Clinical Studies on Vision and Learning.
By the College of Vision Development

The Scientific Basis for and Efficacy of Optometric Vision Therapy in Nonstrabismic Accommodative and Vergence Disorders.
By Kenneth J Ciuffreda, OD, Department of Vision Science, State College of Optometry, State University of New York

Summary of the Research on the Efficacy of Vision Therapy for Specific Vision Dysfunction
By Jeffrey Cooper OD, Professor of Clinical Optometry, State College of Optometry, State University of New York



This article raises the importance of movement and free play to building the foundation of learning. Experiences in bodily sensation and movement and maturation results in development. These experiences include crossing the midline such as climbing, jumping, digging, swimming, playing hopscotch and catch, riding bikes, sweeping, running. They also include fine movements such as chopping vegetables, drawing, building, playing rhyming and clapping games, using scissors, and playing in sand.

How can teachers help children with poor visual processing?

'Eye Can Learn' is a website designed by a father who did vision therapy with his son. The website uses plenty of visual imagery to describe all the different visual processing skills taught in vision  therapy. There are plenty of fun activities you can try with your own children. Click here to go to their website.

This in-depth literature review discusses the efficacy of vision training for children in kindergarten. The researchers found significant improvement in ability to recognise upper and lower case letters and ability to scan from left to right efficiently for children who received vision therapy. The study strongly recommended children have their vision checked in kindergarten but emphasised the importance of maintaining a multi-modal approach to learning. No one program can fix or cure reading problems but poor visual efficiency skills maybe contributing to poor learning and receptiveness of remediation strategies.

This article was written by Mr Mark Falkenstein when he was vice president of SPELD NSW. It goes through the effects of visual efficiency and visual processing on reading and learning. It also discusses what is involved in a behavioural eye examination and some of the therapies offered.

Susan R. Barry, Ph.D., is a professor of neurobiology in the Department of Biological Sciences at Mount Holyoke College and the author of Fixing My Gaze. You will find interesting articles written by her on this website.

Parents Active for Vision Education P.A.V.E. was founded by Marjie Thompson to support parents and teachers with children in their homes and classrooms who had suffered the effects of undiagnosed vision problems. In the website, you'll find some useful articles on topics related to vision therapy, vision and stress, the difference between an optometrist and ophthalmologist and so on.

VisionHelp represents a group of leading Optometric vision specialists in the U.S. who serve to provide greater awareness and understanding of the science and best practices for training the visual brain. VisionHelp consists of University Professors, past presidents of national and state associations and authors of professional publications on various aspects of vision treatment and vision therapy. Their mission is advocacy to eliminate the senseless struggle through better vision for humankind.

This website is designed to illustrate the different visual processing skills that contribute to learning, the impact it has on learning and ways to manage this i.e. vision therapy, asking your doctor the appropriate questions and so on. Interesting read.

Based on the award winning book "Raising a Sensory Smart Child" By Temple Gradin. The book is an invaluable resource for coping with sensory processing disorder and has a chapter on autism. There are tips on diets, techniques for dealing with sensitivity to noise, touch and other input, how to advocate for your child at school and recommended equipments, toys, and complementary therapies. You will be able to access more information and articles through their Facebook page.

This website provides articles, video and scientific Research on Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD), vision problems, convergence insufficiency (CI),  sensory integration, non specific learning disability (NLD), natural alternative treatments and ritalin.